National Energy Efficiency and Conservation Policy (2023)
The National Energy Efficiency and Conservation Policy 2023 identifies mechanisms to ensure deep-rooted institutionalization, operationalization, and implementation of EE&C in the country and consists of sectoral measures for Industry, Building, Transport, Energy (Power and Petroleum), and Agriculture sectors. The policy also informs, on the basis of techno-economic analysis, enforcement mechanisms required for adoption and compliance of EE&C regulatory measures along with precise guidelines for coordination with the provincial governments and regions. Holistically, the policy provides a framework to develop an eco-system to steer EE&C and developing synergies inclusive of all public and private sector stakeholders.
National Energy Conservation Policy (2006)
The National Energy Conservation Policy of 2006 was one of the key policy which enumerates broad guidelines to enhance end-use efficiency in various energy consuming sectors of economy. The 2006 NECP included several policies and sectoral initiatives to be taken at various levels during the short and medium as well as long term.
In term of policy initiatives, the 2006 NECP had set the targets to formulate and enact a comprehensive legislation on energy conservation and management, to develop energy conservation codes and standards, to declare EE&C as an industry priority and allow fiscal and financial incentives to be available for EE&C pursuits.
The four goals of the National Energy Conservation Policy(2006) were: (i) Sustainable development; (ii) Improve economic productivity and poverty alleviation; (iii) GHG mitigation and climate control; and (iv) Gender mainstreaming, with the rationale that energy conservation, especially integrated into rural development policies, will contribute to gender mainstreaming and recognition of women’s role in the rural development context and in local communities.
During the last decade, several initiatives have been taken and implemented with the technical and financial assistance from various international cooperation and financing organizations and through Government support. However, despite that the development and deployment of EE&C policies are still in an early stage. Now as per provisions of the NEECA Act, the NECP 2006 needs to be revised and realigned with Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Pakistan’s National Determined Contribution (NDC) with the Framework for Implementation of Energy Efficiency Policy.